Most Important Laws Passed by Congress

• End of conscription (1973). These measures were a case where Congress let a bill expire instead of passing something. The abolition of conscription not only began to cure perhaps the most controversial aspect of the Vietnam War, but also led directly to the creation of a purely voluntary army that, apart from an unprecedented military threat, is likely to continue for the foreseeable future. The president and congressional Democrats are under pressure to pass legislation guaranteeing access to elections, while Republicans across the country are pushing to make it harder for people to vote. The Democratic-led House of Representatives has approved a measure that combines key provisions from two major bills — the Voting Freedom Act and the John Lewis Voting Advancement Act — but their fate remains uncertain in the Senate. Last year, Biden managed to get some of his top priorities through Congress, but remains hampered by others, giving him less than a year to work with Democrats to pass his legislative agenda before the next Congress is sworn in after the 2022 midterm elections. He also used his executive powers to sign 77 executive orders in his first year in office, surpassing his predecessor, former President Donald Trump, who had signed 58 executive orders during the same period. former President Barack Obama, who signed 41; and former President George W. Bush, who signed 56, according to the Federal Register. Social Security Act of 1965: The creation of Medicare and Medicaid extended health insurance coverage to the elderly, poor, and disabled. This has been achieved through amendments to the Social Security Act and is certainly one of the most important middle-class policies. Ensuring that Americans have access to health insurance as they age and in difficult times has helped provide an important level of security for the middle class.

Medicare and Medicaid also paved the way for subsequent reforms that increased health insurance coverage. A national code for the treatment and treatment of American flags was passed by Congress in June this year and amended on December 22 to become public law. In related sections, behaviour during the national anthem, the oath of allegiance to the flag and how to deliver it were also discussed. The Code did not provide blanket penalties for abuse, but left this to the laws and discretionary powers of each state. To avoid a veto nine days after Congress adjourned, FDR signed 121 bills on June 25. One of these was the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), which was passed to prohibit repressive child labour. It set the minimum hourly wage at 25 cents and limited the work week to eight hours a day, five days a week. Prior to the passage of the Presidential Documents Act (PRA), official presidential documents were private. The PRA published these documents and mandated their administration. The National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) collects most of these records, which are made public, unless the U.S. Archivist, Acting President, or former equivalent President requires that the records be kept private.

The landmark case of Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania, et al. v. Robert P. Casey redefined several provisions that, under Roe v. Wade, claimed that states were prohibited from banning most abortions. The court`s opinion, which ruled 5-4 on the case, also ruled that states can regulate abortions to protect maternal health and fetal life — positive laws passed by the state of Pennsylvania in the late `80s — and have the right to ban abortions of «viable» fetus. Passed bills and joint resolutions appear on this list after NARA assigns public law (PL) numbers. PL numbers refer to legal texts after they have been published by GPO.

(Private laws are listed separately.) And don`t forget, in May, that unexpected compromise on gun and safety legislation, the $13-billion bipartisan Safe Communities Act. Most importantly, it is a real turning point, the first time in decades that Congress has passed significant gun laws. Marijuana began its long and sustained journey toward legalization when California voters passed Proposition 215, which allowed the medical use of marijuana. Since that decision, 32 states, Washington DC and Puerto Rico have taken steps to enact similar laws and permits for comprehensive public medical marijuana and cannabis programs. On August 18, 1920, women were empowered like never before in the United States after the passage of the 19th Amendment. After a struggle for women`s rights that began more than a century earlier, the Nineteenth Amendment – women`s suffrage – was ratified into the U.S. Constitution. The bill passed after a landslide victory of 304 votes to 89, 42 more than the required two-thirds majority.

On election day this year, more than 8 million women across the country went to the polls for the first time.

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noviembre 2022


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