Archivos diarios: 16/11/2022

Mcqueen Legal Edinburgh

At McDougall McQueen, we understand how difficult it can be to navigate the legal world, which is why our team of qualified lawyers will provide you with friendly and informative legal advice to ensure your requirements are met accurately. I will highly recommend your services to family and friends. I have to say I was dreading the whole buying and selling process the last time we tried to sell our apartment, but you were all very helpful and friendly and informed us well throughout. Their fees were also very reasonable, which always helps! F. Henderson. I just want to say that the service provided by everyone at McQueen Legal was excellent, friendly and efficient. I felt nothing but confidence in all of you when we sold our house. Thank you all. Sarah W. I was very satisfied with Mary`s service. She was professional, responsive and pleasant to deal with.

As a lawyer, she has provided me with the service I expect from my clients and I would be happy to recommend her. Richard L. Thank you so much for clarifying this – I thought moving should be stressful! Paul Bannon. Scottish Conveyancing, Edinburgh, Jill – April 2016 ***Deadline set – Tuesday 6 September @ 12:00pm*** McDougall McQueen presents this well-proportioned three-bedroom semi-detached villa to the market ideally built by David Wilson Homes. Learn more. Beautifully nestled in a picturesque historic courtyard on Canongate in the heart of Edinburgh`s Old Town, this fabulous top floor apartment offers superb living space. read more Rarely available McDougall McQueen offers a great opportunity to acquire and benefit from this charming three bedroom detached villa, which has and benefits from a corner plot with pleasant views. read more Deadline Tuesday 22 November @ 12 noon. McDougall McQueen presents to the market this vast four-bedroom semi-detached house, distributed over two floors with extensive gardens leading to the. read more Excellent opportunity not to be missed. McDougall McQueen is pleased to introduce to the market this bright and spacious well appointed double room with private bathroom on the third floor. Rarely available, this charming three-bedroom extended, semi-detached house spread over two floors with private gardens to the front and rear and a single garage and driveway.

read more McDougall McQueen presents to the market this fabulous four bedroom detached villa, landscaped on two floors with gardens to the front and rear and an integrated garage. The property. read more McDougall McQueen presents to the market this bright and spacious three bedroom apartment on the first floor, which is part of an exclusive development of Cala with elevator and secure access system. Read more Fabulous three bedroom semi-detached villa with private gardens to the front and rear, plus a single garage and driveway. Arranged on two floors, this property offers excellent qualities. Read more Get the agent version of Real Estate Agents, Wills, Property Transfers McDougall McQueen presents to the market this two bedroom apartment on the top floor, which is part of a traditional building with the most fantastic views, the property also benefits from one. Read more New fixed price. Rarely available, original and quite unique, McDougall McQueen presents to the market this well-proportioned main door with a two-bedroom, three-storey duplex apartment. Read More ***New fixed price £590,000*** McDougall McQueen presents to the market this exceptional and well-proportioned three-bedroom apartment on the second floor, which is part of an exclusive modern system. Read more Find out how much your current home is worth in just 60 seconds. McDougall McQueen presents to the market this well proportioned three-bedroom semi-detached house arranged on two floors, the property also benefits from a large veranda as well as one. read more McDougall McQueen presents to the market this fabulous four-bedroom extended bungalow spread over two floors and offering excellent modern living.

The property continues to benefit from private. read more Rarely available McDougall McQueen presents to the market this charming three bedroom semi-detached villa with veranda, single garage and gardens to the front and rear. The property. Learn more.

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Max Law Reviews

I look forward to starting a new life by paying my credit grantors myself and building a responsible credit profile with Schufa. I was stressed and didn`t know how to get Schufa to clarify my name; until I contact MaxLaw. I cancelled the debt review in 2014 because it wasn`t working for me. Instead of reducing my debt, it went up. I am very pleased with the way MaxLaw handled my case and managed to remove the status from my credit report. Thank you MaxLaw for deleting my administrative order. Thank you for being there for me in everything; until the end. At the end of every month, I strained because of my debts and felt I could run away. Your services have worked for me. I will recommend MaxLaw to all my friends to help them clarify their name at Schufa. I will recommend your services to others with the same problems as me. All these things show professionalism which is also defined by your vision and mission.

Thank you and your team for the excellent and efficient service. I would recommend MaxLaw to anyone in the same boat as me. I want to thank you for the very good service I received from you in dealing with my credit problems. I would like to thank you and the Maxlaw team for your service and I am grateful for your full support. It really meant a lot to me and it`s much appreciated. Thank you for taking the time to respond to my email. I would like to thank you and your team for your excellent and efficient service. We look forward to using your service again in the future. I must express my satisfaction and total gratitude for the great service I have received from MaxLaw. MaxLaw literally eliminated the dark cloud hanging over me and changed my entire outlook on my family`s life and future as far as my credit profile was concerned. My judgment, which had bothered me for 4 years, was quickly suppressed and communication throughout the process was excellent. Now I am ready to reach my ultimate goal; to give my family a roof over their heads – a house we can call ours – and MaxLaw made it all possible.

Honestly, you`re the best consultant I`ve ever met in my entire life. Keep up the good work. Thank you for your patience and commitment during the difficult time I am going through with my administrative order, judgments and omissions. I learned a lot about the world of credit from you and your colleagues. I am now very enlightened and would continue to keep my credit rating clean. They advised me professionally and positively. I had a debt review in 2011, which was the worst decision I have ever made. Thank you very much for a job well done. I was able to open my account with Edgars without any problems and can now work on my credit profile to prepare to buy a home in the next few years. Thank you for the excellent service and professionalism in your business that you offer to South Africans. You`ve always been there to help me and spend a lot of your time helping me.

Keep up the good work for your other customers. A big thank you to MaxLaw for the help and a special thank you to Nokhuthula Nduli and Andy for the way you handled my case and for making sure I stay up to date until the end.

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Master Data Rules

But why stop there? With a complete set of correct provable rules that are also fully executable, we can now try to inject these rules back into the underlying systems to execute them in real time in day-to-day operations. It`s a simple step to move from monitoring and compliance to automated rules in operating systems, which can be easily achieved using a number of techniques, from rules compiled and executed internally, to outputs and APIs, to comprehensive external rules engines. If you migrate incorrectly, your organization is at risk. Correcting rule errors in the target system is implausible if there is no clear definition of accuracy in the rule requirements (i.e. master rules) – developing rules by trial and error in a new platform is not for the faint of heart. Even the limited degree of truth represented by the old inherited system is now gone! Compliance with those quality rules should ensure compliance with business requirements. Often, organizations take steps (in one form or another) to ensure compliance with these regulations (for example, mandatory fields in job applications or quality rules built into work instructions). These regulations are often fragmented and enriched over the years. There should be a good mix of preventative actions (policies, work instructions, workflows, application control, SLAs, etc.), detection actions (bug reports, monitoring, KPIs, dashboards, etc.), and corrective actions (e.g. remediation procedures). As part of master data governance, you need to define a set of best practices or principles that ensure that your data is created and maintained. Define them as your standards. It`s the job of data maintenance teams to adhere to these standards, but it`s the job of data governance to set the standards and make sure they`re met.

Whether you buy an MDM tool or decide to create your own, there are two basic steps to creating basic data: In a short but compelling article in Sapiens,[11] the author describes many business mistakes that ultimately stem from «problems caused by data ignorance, fragmentation of systems, and the inability to monitor one`s own processes.» be caused. And from the same article from Sapiens: «Moody`s recently looked at what causes insurance companies to fail, and one of the main reasons was that some insurers didn`t know their pricing models. To prevent «a large number of policies from being sold at unreasonably low prices, an insurer must have systems and controls in place to quickly identify and address instances where the pricing algorithm understates risk,» Moody`s says. Not only are the basic data sources increasing exponentially, but so are the data integration and movement orders. Tools that use AI and metadata can help you scale efficiently by automating the process of mapping data traceability and identifying data movement processes you didn`t know about. You should also map application and data store owners as part of lineage mapping, as this allows for better collaboration and productivity in managing master data. The migration certainly requires the monitoring rules and may also require remediation, either as part of the migration or before the migration itself. If successful, the remaining migration rules are primarily transformative between source and target system formats, keeping in mind that most migrations involve more than one source and destination system. Master data governance is the application of data governance factors to a subset of data called master data. Data governance factors are the process of documenting definitions, sources, processes, policies, rules, measures and people to improve data management. To address these challenges, companies rely on Master Data Management (MDM).

This door in the workflow ensures both data completeness and accountability. If you decide to subscribe to a CRM service provided through SaaS, the service provider needs a customer list for its database. What list will you send? Matthew Cawsey is Director of Solution Strategy for Customer Master Data Management at Stibo Systems. He has over 20 years of experience selling and marketing enterprise data management software solutions at the world`s largest data management companies. PRO TIP: You can start with the data you hope to get the most value once consolidated, and then drive that data to make sure your processes are working and you see the expected business benefits. Rules are not just important artifacts in themselves; This is the only way to claim to properly understand the data and its downstream processes. And the correct understanding of the data is the key to the proper functioning of the system, which fulfills legal and professional obligations and avoids the above dangers. As a business, you need a single customer view across multiple industries for different purposes. And these different purposes will raise questions about the actual definition or meaning of «customer.» Master data governance enables the creation of a glossary of agreed-upon terminology as well as specific metadata attributes that are used to define the «customer» and provide a consistent and consistent definition across the enterprise. This reduces the possibility of misinterpretation, abuse, confusion and errors in the future. Is data governance the same as data maintenance? The two are very closely related by data quality, but they are independent functions.

Maintenance organizations tend to focus on specific IT systems or specific business units (LoBs) within your organization, while data governance is about a common set of rules that everyone must adhere to. The key to understanding this dichotomy is to understand the relationship of both parties to the norms. – Take ownership of your standards and create the data quality roadmap. The processes required to achieve the master rules are much more complex in hindsight (which is still the case given the growth of the rules described above) and that`s why we focus so clearly on auditing, correcting and migrating; Each of these processes plays an important role in populating the rule metadata required for effective master rule management. Simply asking a business analyst to «document the rules» won`t be enough if you`re threatened existentially. «People have really realized that knowledge is indeed power, so they don`t want to give up their data or collaborate on redefining or consolidating it. They prefer to keep control of their dirty, ill-defined and incomplete customer records! The fact that data quality is an integral part of MDM is clearly a huge advantage for Data Quality Pro members who have data quality skills and want to advance their careers. They now have an additional, growing sector that is desperately looking for these skills. Data cleansing and transforming it into a reference data model is very similar to the extract, transform, and load (ETL) processes used to populate a data warehouse.

If you have already defined the ETL tools and transformation, it may be easier to simply modify them as needed for the master data instead of learning a new tool. Here are some typical data cleansing features: But in reality, the role name of the data governance organization «Data Owner» is a misnomer, because in practice they do not own the data, but the standards (principles and best practices) that guide users in achieving good quality. So, while many departments can claim data content, it is the data governance organization that owns the quality structures and rules. Master data is the data collected about the main business units that you use to run your business or organization.

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Martens Clause Definition

In paragraph 78 of its 1996 advisory opinion on the legality of the threat or use of nuclear weapons, the International Court of Justice held that, although the Martens Clause was the result of a diplomatic compromise, it served humanitarian purposes. It indicates that, in the absence of specific treaty law, established customs, principles of humanity and the dictates of public conscience ensure the protection of civilians and combatants. Since its introduction, the Martens Clause has become a common feature of the main instruments of international humanitarian law. This clause is also included in many disarmament treaties. The protection afforded by the Martens Clause and the legal recognition it has received underscore its interest in finding new weapons systems that can cause humanitarian damage on the battlefield and beyond. Final Act of the International Conference on Human Rights, Res. XXIII, para. 2, p. 18, Order No. F.68.XIV.2 (1968). See the Martens clause, cited on page 79 at the bottom of the text. The Martens Clause applies in the absence of specific laws on a subject. Experts disagree on its legal significance, but at least it provides factors that states need to take into account when considering the new challenges posed by new technologies.

Its importance, particularly for disarmament law, is reflected in the negotiations that led to the adoption of a preventive ban on blinding lasers. States and others should therefore take this clause into account when discussing the legality of fully autonomous weapons and how best to address it. Several national and international courts have taken the Martens Clause into account in their judgments. In none of these cases, however, have the laws of humanity or the command of public conscience been recognized as a new and independent right. On the contrary, it serves as a general statement of humanitarian principles and a guide for understanding and interpreting existing rules of international law. However, it has not provided any evidence in support of this claim and its practical application is disputed. For a more detailed discussion of the Martens Clause, see, for example, Rupert Ticehurst, «The Martens Clause and the Laws of Armed Conflict,» International Review of the Red Cross, No. 317 (30 April 1997). 9 In 1643, the articles and decrees of war concluded for the present expedition of the army of the kingdom of Scotland with an eloquent provision which established not only custom but also natural law as a residual source, thus expanding the principle of humanity which is part of the natural law: «Things which are clear by the light and laws of nature, are assumed; Useless things are passed over in silence; and other things may be judged according to the general customs and constitutions of war; or can be expressed after new emergents. See Francis Grose, Military Antiquities 127, 137 (1788), cited in Theodor Meron, War Crimes Law Comes of Age 10 (1998). This provision is in line with the spirit of the Martens clause.

7 For American manuals, see Dep`t of the Army, The Law of Land Warfare, para. 6 (Field Manual No. 27–10, 1956); U. Ministry of the Air Force, International Law – The Conduct of Armed Conflict and Air Operations 1–7 (b) (AFP No. 110–31, 1976). For the British Handbook, see United Kingdom War Office, The Law of War on Land, Being Part III of the Manual Of Military Law, paras. 2, 3, 5 (1958) [hereinafter the United Kingdom Handbook]. On the German manual, see Federal Ministry of Defence, Humanitäres Recht in bewaffneten Konflikten-Handbuch, § 129 (ZDv 15/2, 1992). Citing the Martens Clause, the manual adds: «If an act of war is not expressly prohibited by international treaties or customary law, this does not necessarily mean that it is actually authorized.» The clause takes its name from a declaration read by Frederick Martens,[2] Russia`s delegate to the 1899 Hague Peace Conferences. [3] It reads: The Martens Clause, often cited as one of the most important manifestations of the humanitarian nature of the law of armed conflict (international humanitarian law), states that in cases not covered by international conventions of international humanitarian law, neither combatants nor civilians are completely deprived of protection.

On the contrary, in such cases, the conduct of belligerents remains governed by the principles of international law as they result from the customs of international law, the laws of humanity and the commandments of public conscience. The clause was first introduced into the preamble to the 1899 Hague Convention (Convention on the Laws and Customs of Land War) at the suggestion of Fyodor Fyodorovich Martens, a Russian jurist and member of the Russian delegation to the International Peace Conference in 1899. In the final stages of the negotiations, small States had raised objections to several articles of the Convention, which were perceived as an inadmissible recognition of the rights of the occupying Power. Since it was unlikely that those States would become occupying Powers and only find themselves in the place of the occupied State, they found these articles unacceptable. In order to allay the fears expressed and avoid a possible deadlock in the negotiations, Martens had the idea of including in the preamble of the Convention the clause that has rightly borne his name ever since. The clause not only served its original purpose (small states did not insist on their objections after the introduction of the clause in the 1899 Hague Convention), but also exceeded it. The clause has acquired an independent existence through its reformulation with minor changes of words in various subsequent instruments of international humanitarian law, as well as by the fact that it is based on international and national jurisprudence. The clause, recognized as a normal rule, raises a number of legal questions as to its scope and interpretation. The central question is whether the clause is simply a restatement of the continuing importance of customary law for cases not governed by traditional humanitarian law, or a proclamation of a separate and autonomous source of obligations. This clause is widely seen as an obstacle to an argument which, conversely, grants belligerents complete freedom of conduct that is not expressly regulated by humanitarian conventions. This clause is also frequently used in the context of the regulation of the use of new technologies and weapons by international humanitarian law.

The debate on this clause was revived by the 1996 ICJ Advisory Opinion on the Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons. Since 1925, most treaties banning arms have included the Martens Clause. [12] The clause is referred to in various forms in the preambles to the 1925 Geneva Gas Protocol,[13] the 1972 Biological Weapons Convention,[14] the 1980 Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons,[15] the 1997 Mine Ban Treaty,[16] the 2008 Convention on Cluster Munitions,[17] and the 2017 Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons. [18] Although a preamble does not set out binding rules, it can serve as a basis for interpreting a contract and is usually used to reflect by reference the context of the pre-existing law. The inclusion of the Martens Clause indicates that if there are gaps in the operational provisions of a treaty, they must be filled by established customs, principles of humanity and the dictates of public conscience. By including the Martens Clause in this line of disarmament treaties, States have reaffirmed their importance for international humanitarian law in general and arms law in particular. [28] See, for example, In re Krupp, judgment of 31 July 1948, in the war crimes trials before the Nuremberg military tribunals: «Der Fall Krupp», p. 1340 (which states that the Martens clause «is much more than a pious declaration»). See also Cassese, «The Martens Clause», European Journal of International Law, p.

210 (which states that most States that appeared before the International Court of Justice on the advisory opinion on nuclear weapons «proposed, implicitly or confusedly, the extension of the scope of application of the clause to the status of a standard for the creation of new sources of law»); ICRC, Guide to the Legal Review of New Weapons, Means and Methods of Warfare: Measures to Implement Article 36 of Additional Protocol I of 1977 (2006), (accessed July 15, 2018), p. July 15, 2018). 17 (stating: «A weapon that is not covered by the existing rules of international humanitarian law would be considered contrary to the Martens Clause if it were found to violate in itself the principles of humanity or the dictates of public conscience.»). The International Court of Justice (ICJ) had to take into account the general law of armed conflict in its opinion on the Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons of 8 July 1996 before it could take into account specific laws relating to nuclear weapons. Several different interpretations of this clause have been put forward in oral and written submissions before the ICJ.

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Marconi off Rule

Markovikov`s rule predicts the outcome of the addition reaction, called hydrohalogenation (under standard conditions) when protinic acid HX is added to an asymmetric alkene. It was formulated by Vladimr Markovnikov in 1865 [1]. The original statement of Markovnikov`s rule only takes into account the stabilization of the carbenium ion by alkyl groups. However, possible mesomeric stabilization of the carbenium ion by appropriate functional groups may play an important role in this regard. Thus, the second reaction, in which the phenyl group provides greater stabilization of a neighboring carbenium ion than two methyl groups, gives a main product that does not conform to the original specification of Markovnikov`s rule: To understand this mechanism, consider the same example shown earlier, namely the hydrobromic acid addition reaction with propene. The mechanism of Markovnikov`s rule can be divided into two stages. The anti-Markonikow rule describes the regiochemistry of mechanisms that do not involve the formation of a carbocation. Here, the halogen complements the less substituted carbon instead of the more substituted carbon, as is usually the case with Markovnikov reactions [1, 4]. To simplify the rule, we can also say as follows: «Hydrogen is added to carbon with the most hydrogen and halide is added to carbon with the least hydrogen». An example of a reaction that follows the Markovnikov rule is the addition of hydrobromic acid (HBr) to propene, which is shown below. Markovnikov`s rule explains that in addition to the reactions of alkenes or alkynes, the proton is added to the carbon atom to which the greatest number of hydrogen atoms is attached. This rule is very useful for predicting the end product of a particular chemical reaction. Let`s understand this rule with an example.

The Markovnikov and anti-Markovnikov rules are very important for predicting the end products of a chemical reaction. The main difference between Markovnikov`s rule and the anti-Markovnikov rule is that Markovnikov`s rule states that hydrogen atoms are attached to the carbon atom in an addition reaction with more hydrogen substitutes, while the anti-Markovnikov rule states that hydrogen atoms are attached to the carbon atom with the fewest hydrogen substitutes. It is important to note that the Markovnikov rule was developed specifically for its application in the addition reaction of hydrogen halides to alkenes. The opposite of the addition reactions of `Markovnikov` can be described as anti-Markovnikov due to the regioselectivity of the reaction. Markovnikov`s rule: According to Markovnikov`s rule, the hydrogen atom is attached to the carbon atom with the greatest number of hydrogen substituents. When alkenes are treated with certain aqueous acids (usually sulfuric acid), the resulting electrophilic addition reaction produces an alcohol. The regioselectivity of such reactions can be predicted by Markovnikoff`s rule. Therefore, these reactions can be classified as Markkovnikov reactions. In alkene hydration, the H+ ion acts as an electrophile and attacks the alkene to create a carbocation intermediate (the intermediate with greater stability is protonated).

The subsequent nucleophilic attack on the carbocation by water molecules forms an oxonium ion, which is deprotonated to obtain the required alcoholic product. Markovnikov`s rule, also known as Markovnikoff`s rule, can be used to describe the result of certain chemical addition reactions. Russian chemist Vladimir Vasilyevich Markovnikov first formulated this rule in 1865. In organic chemistry, the Markovnikov rule or Markovnikoff`s rule describes the result of certain addition reactions. The rule was formulated in 1870 by the Russian chemist Vladimir Markovnikov. [1] [2] [3] The Markovnikov rule also applies to alkynes according to the same steps as alkenes, as shown in the following example: Markovnikov`s rule, in organic chemistry, a generalization formulated by Vladimir Vasilyevich Markovnikov in 1869, stating that in addition to reactions to asymmetric alkenes, the electron-rich component of the reactant is added to the carbon atom with fewer bonded hydrogen atoms, while the electron-poor component is added to the carbon atom, with more hydrogen atoms attached to it. Therefore, hydrogen chloride (HCl) is added to propylene (CH3CH=CH2) to produce 2-chloropropane (CH3CHClCH3) instead of the isomer 1-chloropropane (CH3CH2CH2Cl). The ruler is useful for predicting the molecular structures of addition reaction products. 1.

«Regioselectivity». Illustrated Glossary of Organic Chemistry – Regioselective; Regiochemistry, available here. Retrieved 12 September 2017. «The reign of Markovnikov.» Wikipedia, Wikimedia Foundation, August 31, 2017, available here. Retrieved 12 September 2017. When alkenes are treated with borane (BH3) in the presence of hydrogen peroxide or sodium hydroxide, an alcohol is obtained as the final product. In this electrophilic addition reaction, the boron atom acts as an electrophile. This reaction does not obey Markovnikov`s rule and can therefore be classified as an anti-Markovsknikov reaction. Also called the Kharasch effect (named after Morris S. Kharasch), these reactions, which do not involve a carbocation intermediary, can react by other mechanisms that have regioselectivities not dictated by Markovnikov`s rule, such as the addition of free radicals. Such reactions are called anti-Markovnikov because the halogen adds at least substituted carbon, the opposite of a Markovnikov reaction.

These reactions are laboratory applications of Markovnikov`s rule and are used in a variety of chemical processes. We use chemical reactions to synthesize chemical compounds. If we have the required quantities of reagents and catalysts, we can obtain the desired product by providing other conditions such as the right temperature. But sometimes the chemical reaction may not result in the desired compound or may result in a mixture of products consisting of the desired product as well as other products. This situation can be explained by Markovnikov`s rule. Markovikov`s rule explains why a particular atom or group is attached to a particular carbon atom and not to another carbon atom in the same molecule. The anti-Markovnikov rule explains the opposite situation of the Markovnikov rule. The main difference between the Markovnikov and anti-Markovnikov rules is that the Markovnikov rule states that hydrogen atoms are attached to the carbon atom in an addition reaction with more hydrogen substituents, while the anti-Markovnikov rule states that hydrogen atoms are attached to the carbon atom with the fewest hydrogen substituents. The anti-Markovnikov rule can be illustrated by adding hydrogen bromide to isobutylene in the presence of benzoyl peroxide or hydrogen peroxide. The reaction of HBr with substituted alkenes was prototypical in the study of free radical additions.

Early chemists discovered that the reason for the variability in the ratio between Markovnikov and anti-Markovnikov reaction products was due to the unexpected presence of ionizing substances such as peroxides by free radicals. The explanation is that the O-O bond in peroxides is relatively weak. With the help of light, heat or sometimes alone, the O-O bond can divide into 2 radicals. Radical groups can then interact with HBr to create a Br radical, which then reacts with the double bond. Since the bromine atom is relatively large, it is more likely to encounter and react with the least substituted carbon, as this interaction creates fewer static interactions between the carbon and the bromine radical. In addition, the radical species, similar to a positively charged species, is more stable when the unpaired electron is in the most substituted position. The radical intermediate is stabilized by hyperconjugation. In the most substituted position, more carbon-hydrogen bonds are aligned with the electron-poor molecular orbital of the radical. This means that there are greater hyperconjugation effects, so the position is more favorable. [5] In this case, terminal carbon is a reactant that produces a primary addition product instead of a secondary addition product. The rule states that when a protinic acid HX or other polar reagent is added to an asymmetric alkene, the acid (H) hydrogen part or electropositive is bonded to the carbon with more hydrogen substituents, and the halide group (X) or electronegative part is bonded to the carbon with more alkyl substituents. This is in contrast to Markovnikov`s original definition, where the rule is that the X component is added to carbon with the fewest hydrogen atoms, while the hydrogen atom is added to carbon with the largest number of hydrogen atoms.

[4] From the reaction presented above, it can be seen that the majority of the products formed obey the Markovskikov rule, while the minority of the products do not. From the figure above, we can see that there are two types of carbocations that can be formed from the protonation of the alkene, one is a primary carbocation and the other is a secondary carbocation. However, secondary carbocation is much more stable and therefore its formation is preferred to the formation of primary carbocation.

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Marco Legal De Las Contribuciones Pdf

For this reason, taxes are dictated in several laws, as provided for in our political constitution, to justify the legality of the same, and are respected by all those who receive legal income and are responsible for paying taxes. Naturalized citizens have rights and obligations at the time of acquiring the legitimate citizenship of our country and must then make a contribution as soon as they have verifiable perceptions, and this must enter the legal framework. That is to say, in relation to our respective capacities, it is important to create an environment of comfort for the taxpayer, taxes must be levied in such a way that there is as little difference as possible between taxpayers` expenses and the principle of legality declared before the law. That is, this is an essay for beginners in the field of contributions, especially SRI for individuals. Then, a constitutional principle of «generality» can be defined by mentioning «ALL» those who are obliged to pay taxes, it should be considered not on the basis of nationality, but on the source from which the income is obtained, although the foreigner does not live in the country, but his property if he derives them from it. Public expenditure is defined as programmed and systematic expenditure undertaken by the State to fulfil the necessary governmental function. Its definition as an obligation in Article 31 fracc. IV, Article 74 Frac, where the components thereof are structured. I conclude that everything provided for in LISR, LSS, LFT and SBB goes hand in hand and that there is no exception to the question of income tax liability. Degree in Public Accounting, recently Master in Tax Law, currently in a leading private company in the marketing of building materials in the south of the Mexican Republic. Section IV of the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States, entitled «Obligations of Mexicans», entitled «Obligations of Mexicans», stipulates that all Mexican citizens by birth, naturalized and foreigners; are obliged to contribute to the means obtained through gainful activities to cover in a proportionate and equitable manner the public expenditure of the federal, federal district, state and municipality to which they belong, protected by the provisions of the respective laws. A foreigner to be able to carry out a commercial activity, the exploitation of certain natural resources, marketing, industry; First of all, he must agree with the Minister for Foreign Affairs and then be aware that he must waive the protection of his Government when he does not request assistance in respect of a political, civil or natural problem arising from the provisions of Article 27 Section I of the CPEM.

Funding for the education of descendants is not considered income; Income from assets held in trust for scientific, political, religious, educational, support or charitable purposes. The purpose of the tax is that which actively and decisively participates in the tax relationship. Mexican citizenship acquired by birth or naturalization is defined in article 30 of the Political Constitution of Mexico. Article 9 of the Federal Tax Code also applies to persons residing in the national territory. That is, validity is distinguished and they are reliable because they are laws created by the Congress of the Union in terms of taxation, they are legitimate and unique to respect. According to article 1 of the Income Tax, taxable persons are natural or legal persons (Art. 16 SBB), whether they reside in Mexico or abroad with a permanent establishment (Art. 2 LISR) in the country or come from sources of wealth obtained by foreigners from sources in our country. If the purpose of SRI is to tax income regardless of the source of wealth received during a given period. At the end of this work, it is possible to provide feedback on the general fundamental points, which are to recognize our commitment to contribute, why and for whom we do it (for public spending and because it is our duty to help solve the problem). Other exceptions such as medical, dental, funeral reimbursements, childcare, scholarships for workers and their children, social security benefits, reimbursements by Infonavit, savings bank, savings bank, foreigners in the diplomatic service, scientific delegations, international organizations; Daily allowances, frozen income, inheritances, legacies, donations, food, for transferred taxes, for the sale of rights to plots, for agricultural activity and copyright. Article 8 for fiscal purposes refers to Mexico, the country and territory which, according to the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States of Articles 42 to 48, includes the territory and exclusive economic zone outside the territorial sea.

The reference to «fiscal proportionality» gives rise to the constitutional principle of «proportionality,» which refers to authors who contribute proportionally to our ability to pay (based on percentages of our income). Citizens who have sources of income from rent, benefits, salaries or all of that at the same time have to pay taxes. One could think logically and say «an excessive tax generates taxes, stimulates tax evasion». It also occurs to us to say that taxes payable to the government are more onerous for citizens than beneficial to the government. In addition, income was determined to be exempt from payment to SRI. B@DIt was learned that income is used as the basis for calculating income tax; That is, who are taxable. The purpose of this work is to provide a brief explanation in a fundamental and general way for researchers who are new to tax matters, but focusing on individuals who contribute to income tax. Regardless of what is not considered income, in (Article 109 of the ISR) exemptions from the payment of this obligation (ISR) that are different from the salary, such as the PTU, which we find in Article 117 of the Federal Labour Code, seniority bonuses under Article 162 LFT; benefits calculated in accordance with Article 89 of the LFT, occupational risks referred to in Article 472 of the LFT, diseases referred to in Article 513 of the LFT table, invalidity under Article 899-E, unemployment and old age, general pension in accordance with Article 25 of the Social Security Code.

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Mandeville Legal College

Of the 14 schools near Mandeville, Louisiana, 7 are four-year private colleges or universities where approximately 17,194 students were enrolled. In 2020, a total of 7,867 degrees were earned at private colleges and universities, 2,345 of which were offered online. There are approximately 14 colleges in the area, including 7 private colleges and universities, 4 public colleges and universities, and 3 community colleges offering 2-year degrees. What happens after you graduate from Mandeville? What are the prospects for the job market in Mandeville, Louisiana? Get an overview of jobs and careers, including annual job postings, median income and more. Looking for information about the best colleges and universities in Mandeville? Here`s your guide to the best schools within a 30-mile radius of Mandeville, Louisiana. Mandeville Catholic College is a private Catholic college. Through critical pedagogy and holistic education, we aim to: change lives, promote social justice and integrity, and prepare students to make an impact on our global society. Our goal is to offer rigorous and relevant programs that use 21st century teaching and learning techniques while serving enthusiastic and engaged students locally and internationally. Also on the Catholic College campus is Saint Mary`s University, a global and diverse learning community celebrating over twenty (20) years and serving students through relevant and innovative educational programs, experiences and businesses. Saint Mary`s University is nourished by Catholic intellectual, moral and cultural traditions and is inspired by doctrinal excellence as modeled by Saint Jean-Baptiste de La Salle. All courses are certified by the University Council of Jamaica and the Commission on Higher Education (USA) Read on for a breakdown of colleges near Mandeville with details on cost, enrollment, type of student and study offerings. In 2021, there were approximately 538,172 jobs in the Mandeville, Louisiana area. From 2020 to 2021, employment growth in Mandeville was 0.2%, below the national average.

There were 60,182 job vacancies in the region. In terms of earnings, Mandeville workers outperform the national average, with an average hourly wage of $17.15. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, omnes dissentiet mea cu, cu exerci efficiantur suscipiantur vix. Quo ei maluisset persecuti, iriure theophrastus deterruisset duo ut. Ut tota lorem mea. Sea te cibo audiam moderatius, at mei enim habeo accommodare, vel audiam sanctus consetettur in. Falli habemus no nam, nulla dicunt voluptaria per ea, nam quaeque perpetua no. Eos at convenire incorrupte efficiendi, has ne laboramus delicatissimi. Thank you for uploading your photo of this company! Close. Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center-New Orleans is an accredited 4-year public school where most students take full-time courses. Most students are of traditional age and no completed programs have been offered online. Doctoral degrees are most popular at Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center-New Orleans.

In 2020, 373 doctorates were obtained. In addition, 5 associate degrees, 331 bachelor`s degrees and 159 master`s degrees were obtained. Franklin offers more than 50 online bachelor`s, master`s, and doctoral programs in the Mandeville, Louisiana area. Franklin University is an accredited, non-profit, 4-year school where most students take part-time courses. Most students are adults and all completed programs were offered online. Bachelor`s degrees are most popular at Franklin University. In 2020, 1,001 bachelor`s degrees were obtained. In addition, 65 associate`s degrees, 599 master`s degrees and 8 doctorates were obtained. Jamaica is an island nation in the Caribbean and includes the third largest island in the Greater Antilles. [5] The island, with an area of 10,990 square kilometers (4,240 square miles), is located about 145 kilometers (90 miles) south of Cuba and 191 kilometers (119 miles) west of Hispaniola, the island that contains the nation-states of Haiti and the Dominican Republic. Jamaica is the fifth largest island nation in the Caribbean. [6] The indigenous people, the Taino, called it Xaymaca in Arawakan.

[7] refers to the «country of wood and water» or the «country of springs». Jamaica is the third largest island in the Caribbean. It lies between latitudes 17 degrees and 19 degrees N, and longitudes 76 degrees and 79 degrees W. Mountains, including the Blue Mountains, dominate the interior. They are surrounded by a narrow coastal plain. [39] Major cities include the capital Kingston on the south coast, Portmore, Spanish Town, Mandeville, Ocho Rios, Port Antonio, Negril, and Montego Bay on the north coast. This is a detailed map of Jamaica that the person can use to find Jamaican addresses and locations. It is integrated into Google Maps with a variety of features. ABOUT: Our Mandeville campus offers classes on Sundays and evenings.

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Make Legal Crossword

If you still haven`t solved the crossword puzzle to make it legal, search our database for the letters you already have! Below are possible answers to the crossword puzzle tip Make it legal. Crossword puzzles > crossword tips > crossword tips: legalize Thank you for visiting The Crossword Solver «make legal». Do you know of another solution for crossword puzzles that make you legal? Now, add your answer to the crossword puzzle.

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Maersk Legal Team

We are proud of our diversity and see it as a real strength for building successful teams. Responsible for hiring and managing external legal counsel. Advice and support in the drafting, review and negotiation of commercial and procurement contracts and other legal documents. At least 5 years of relevant legal experience in private practice and/or as an in-house lawyer with experience in transport and logistics is considered an important advantage. Caroline Pontoppidan is a Danish and American lawyer with a Danish legal background and an L.LM from Duke University, NC. This position requires being a proactive business partner for local management and relevant stakeholders, while highlighting risks with a commercial and pragmatic approach to problem solving. This position provides legal support for all Maersk business functions in Egypt, including commercial, financial, tax and government affairs. Assist the claims team in handling major disputes/litigation in Egypt. We are looking for an experienced lawyer with proven legal skills and a strong commercial and international mindset for a legal advisory role in one of the world`s largest logistics companies. Kaare Christoffersen is Chief Legal Counsel for Maersk Line at A.P. Moller – Maersk.

Kaare was previously legal advisor to the Danish Maritime Authority from January 2000 to January 2006. As a member of our team, you will work closely with colleagues from the global Maersk organization to shape the Maersk of tomorrow. Proactively identify and address legal issues in a pragmatic and risk-based manner. Effective communicator (able to explain complex legal issues to non-legal entities), empathy, personal tact. In-depth experience in general corporate, regulatory and commercial law matters. Training of (non-legal) colleagues on relevant topics such as commercial contracts. Management of all affairs of the Egyptian company internally and externally; Preparation and revision of documents prepared for meetings of the Board of Directors and General Assemblies. Collaborate effectively with other departments and functions such as finance, tax, compliance, etc. Support Maersk`s strategic growth projects and investments in Egypt. An exciting career in an international and dynamic environment with continuous professional and personal development. Experience in drafting and negotiating contracts; Lead to understanding the business context. Kaare Christoffersen`s educational career includes a master`s degree from the University of Copenhagen and a master`s degree in law from the Scandinavian Institute of Maritime Law.

Advising on various engagements with government agencies in Egypt. Caroline Pontoppidan joined Maersk Line in 2013 as General Counsel. Three years later, she was promoted to Senior Vice President, General Counsel and Head of Corporate Affairs at A.P. Møller – Maersk. Caroline reports to CEO Søren Skou and is part of the management team of A.P. Moller – Maersk. At Maersk, we value the diversity of our talents and will always strive to recruit the best person for the job – we value diversity in all its forms, including but not limited to: gender, age, nationality, race, sexual orientation, disability or religious beliefs. A.P. Moller – Maersk is an integrated container logistics company that strives to connect and simplify its customers` supply chains.

As the world`s leading provider of shipping services, the company operates in 130 countries and employs around 70,000 people. With a simple offering of end-to-end digital products and services, seamless customer engagement and a superior end-to-end delivery network, Maersk enables its customers to trade and grow by transporting goods anywhere, anywhere in the world. APPLY Monitoring local legislation and informing companies about its impact. Maersk is undergoing the biggest transformation in the history of the Maersk Group, from a traditional conglomerate to a leading provider of end-to-end global logistics solutions for containers. Able to hold a position while working with the company to find solutions to complex problems. Kaare Christoffersen reports to Caroline Pontoppidan, SVP, General Counsel & Head of Corporate Affairs. Kaare Christoffersen works with Daan Slotema – Head of Legal, APAC, René Koopman – Head of Legal, Europe & North Africa, and Christian Demant Nordentoft – Head of M&A Legal. She is admitted to the bars of Denmark, New York and Washington.

She came from the Danish law firm Kromann Reumert, where she started in 1993 and became a partner in 2000 (area: M&A). Prior to Kromann Reumert, Caroline was an associate attorney at the intellectual property firm Libermann Nowark in New York. Commercial spirit, search for high quality results, high level of integrity.

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Luminary Definition Short

They looked up from the ground for a moment and cast a worried glance at the large calm lamp. Maketh (399 occurrences). Genesis 1:16 And God makes the two great lights, the great figure of light for the kingdom of day, and the little figure of light – and the stars – for the kingdom…/m/maketh.htm – 34k I understand that the legal authority on this reform, which is taking place in San Francisco, has offered to welcome you into his office. These sample phrases are automatically selected from various online information sources to reflect the current use of the word «luminaire». The views expressed in the examples do not represent the views of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us your feedback. Although luminaire can mean an object or celestial body that emits light, you will often hear people talking about parties where many lights have been present. In this case, luminaire means a celebrity or a well-known person in sports or politics, science or art. Think of them as bright lights that make a party twinkle. Mizrahi and Rowland will judge alongside Fern Mallis, fashion luminary and senior vice president of IMG Fashion. And although Fran caught the attention of the late musical luminary Lou Reed, she only ever advertised by word of mouth.

In terms of light, fire, lights, sun, moon and stars. But on the fourth day God created the great lamp, that is, the sun, to have dominion and authority [1718] over the day: for by it the day is made: for. /…/John/Presentation of the Orthodox Faith/Chapter VII on the Fires of Light of .htm The meaning. was against us and had prevailed after nailing him to his cross. Moreover, since it can be said that God created the sun as the greatest lamp for which. key to the apocalypse / Meaning 3.htm «Then I should say that for a luminary of science, your light is very limited,» Hermione replied. and God Himself, as a serious future reward. to ten. 17.

It is also the constant limit for the travel of this lamp, which is less than the sun in brightness. For the course. /…/Pamphilius/The Life of Constantine/Chapter VI and God Himself.htm Come go full moon night skiing when the slopes are lined with candlelit light pockets, or opt for free Learn to Ski days, where volunteers give lessons and local ski shops distribute free rentals. Demonstration xxii. «Of death and of the last times.» And when the sun was created, it was called a luminary. And note that the sun, moon and stars are all called lights. /…/aphrahat/aphrahat selection of demonstrations/demonstration xxii of death and death.htm Stephen J. Hawking is a leading authority in the scientific literature. People admire this scientist and author well known for his knowledge and insight. Of the presence of God. The rays are gradually absorbed by it and they become invisible, not for lack of light in itself, but by the upper radiation of the main luminaire. /…/guyon/A Short and Easy Method of Prayer/Chapter XII of the Present .htm The Date of the Beginning of Noon.

There was hardly a luminary of piety, and it is not customary at any time for a great work of the Spirit of God to be exhibited except under the direction of a few. Gospel Day/Chapter I is the date of.htm light of Middle English, Anglo-French and Late Latin; Anglo-French luminaire light, luminaire, from late Latin luminaria, plural of lamp, celestial body, from Latin, window, of lumin, lumen light; similar to the Latin lucereère to shine brighter in the light Thanks to the light of this underground luminary, they discovered that they were standing at the foot of an ancient castle. Fünftes Traktat. Problems of the soul (3). [Also titled «On Sight. through them; And it is also an act, although there is nothing to change: it can certainly be true of light, one of the acts of any light source. /…/Plotinus/The Six Enneads/Fifth Treatise Problems of.htm 2. (n.) One who illustrates any subject or enlightens humanity; Newton was a respected authority. 216. or — a light. From `owr; Lighting or luminaire (concrete) (in any way, including flash, luck, etc.) – bright, clear, + day, light (-ning), morning, sun. /hebrew/216.htm – 6k doctrines of various other Gnostic sects, especially the .

Attention). Among these, Charis is associated with the great and first luminaire: they represent him as Soter (savior) and the style of Apologene. /…/Irenaeus/Against Heresies/Chapter XXIX Teachings of Various Others.htm Their reasoning is based on the claim that those who live in darkness and love it do not need to be informed about a luminary. Torch (6 occurrences). 1. (n) A lighting or luminaire made of a combustible substance such as softwood; A large candle or torch or a lamp that emits a large flaming flame…/t/torch.htm – 9k Let us shed light on the light fixture. It came into English via Anglo-French and Late Latin and goes back to the Latin word lumen, meaning «light.» Other descendants of lumen in English are illuminate («to light up»), luminous («emitting light») and phillumenist («one who collects matches or matchbox labels»). Luminary has been shining in English since the 15th century.

The general service of a hiero-confessor or a monk-confessor. From the type icon. But if there is no typicon, say the following tropion, tone 8: The master of orthodoxy, master of piety and chastity, luminary of. /…/anonymous/General Situation/Chapter XXV General Service staff .htm Nglish: Translating The Luminary for Spanish speakers Facebook`s supervisory board has legal and human rights experts who can review and overturn some of the platform`s decisions. Theme music by Joshua Stamper 2006©New Jerusalem Music/ASCAP luminàre (first person singular present lùmino, first person singular historical past luminài, past participle luminàto, avid auxiliary) We also asked ourselves the question, and we asked the luminaries of technology how they spend their hours. Beall`s brother, a Republican senator from Maryland, as well as Republican National Committee Chairman George Bush and other GOP luminaries, exerted subtle pressure on the Justice Department to soften the investigation. lūmināre n (genitive lūmināris); third declension From the late Latin lūmināre («star» ← «light» ← «opening that lets light in»). From the Latin lūmināre, the present active infinitive form of lūminō («I enlighten, enlighten»). Psalm 74:16 The day is thin, the night is also thin; You have prepared the light and the sun. (See HSD) I`ve traveled the world, helped build a conference business, written two books, delve into topics far beyond commerce, and interviewed more CEOs and other luminaries than I can remember.

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noviembre 2022


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